SUPERFAMILY 1.75 HMM library and genome assignments server

Please note: Superfamily is currently under maintenance and some functionality may be limited. Please bear with us as we fix these problems.


14-3-3 protein superfamily

SCOP classification
Root:   SCOP hierarchy in SUPERFAMILY [ 0] (11)
Class:   All alpha proteins [ 46456] (284)
Fold:   alpha-alpha superhelix [ 48370] (24)
Superfamily:   14-3-3 protein [ 48445]
Families:   14-3-3 protein [ 48446] (4)


Superfamily statistics
Genomes (496) Uniprot 2014_06 PDB chains (SCOP 1.75)
Domains 2,831 3,511 8
Proteins 2,776 3,479 8


Functional annotation
General category coiled coil
Detailed category This is a complex coiled arrangement. The details of which will appear on this page shortly (some coiled coil details are being checked before they are included on the site). If you want to see examples of the states please click here here. If you require further details urgently please contact Owen Rackham

Document:
Function annotation of SCOP domain superfamilies

Gene Ontology (high-quality)

(show details)
GO termFDR (singleton)FDR (all)SDFO levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Biological Process (BP)developmental process0.00000001990.0002572Least InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)single-organism cellular process0.0000000069380.00000602Least InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)localization0.00000018790.0000007709Least InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)response to stimulus0.038880.03011Least InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)multicellular organismal process0.0000000098640.007143Least InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)regulation of metabolic process0.15940.5445Least InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)regulation of cellular process0.20830.8216Least InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)negative regulation of metabolic process0.00078060.0004951Moderately InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)cell differentiation0.00000000074710.00003618Moderately InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)macromolecule localization0.00000000013410.000000006535Moderately InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)regulation of protein metabolic process0.00086960.00002267Moderately InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)cellular localization0.00000061490.00000001612Moderately InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)organic substance transport0.000025540.000003664Moderately InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)regulation of localization0.29540.2446Moderately InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)positive regulation of cellular process0.82731Moderately InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)regulation of signal transduction0.23230.4263Moderately InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)regulation of cellular component organization0.14220.1098Moderately InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)signal transduction0.75110.5721Moderately InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)regulation of developmental process0.09380.621Moderately InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)regulation of multicellular organismal process0.29880.8973Moderately InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)regulation of catalytic activity0.48720.0199Moderately InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)regulation of phosphate metabolic process10.000004638Moderately InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)negative regulation of cellular process0.015750.007787Moderately InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)organ development0.24850.7136Moderately InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)nervous system development0.0013310.008851Moderately InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)protein transport00.000006866InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)regulation of intracellular transport0.00032570.00021InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)regulation of protein localization0.00061130.00009766InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)regulation of kinase activity0.00000042290.00002963InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)generation of neurons0.00000000007620.00002024InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)negative regulation of protein metabolic process0.00081030.000001113InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)regulation of apoptotic signaling pathway0.0000053740.0001925InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)positive regulation of cellular component organization0.00061740.001813InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)regulation of organelle organization0.033570.01167InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)intracellular signal transduction0.046970.0008977InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)apoptotic process0.000051340.001574InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)regulation of protein phosphorylation11InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)regulation of nervous system development0.03490.107InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)regulation of cell development0.27380.3869InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)central nervous system development0.00064950.004815InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)cellular component movement0.012980.1324InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)locomotion0.000014530.007906InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)localization of cell0.0098090.1651InformativeInherited
Biological Process (BP)positive regulation of organelle organization0.000018490.000145Highly InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)regulation of mitochondrion organization0.0000000014010.00001384Highly InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)telencephalon development0.000038220.0001393Highly InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)negative regulation of protein modification process0.000059210.000001154Highly InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)regulation of cell division0.000078480.00001927Highly InformativeDirect
Biological Process (BP)intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway0.000000032770.0004894Highly InformativeDirect
Molecular Function (MF)binding00.00000000000593Least InformativeDirect
Molecular Function (MF)protein domain specific binding0.000000000000048190.00000000001192Highly InformativeDirect
Cellular Component (CC)intracellular organelle part0.37470.7547Least InformativeInherited
Cellular Component (CC)membrane0.028810.09303Least InformativeInherited
Cellular Component (CC)cytoplasmic part0.019910.0006397Least InformativeInherited
Cellular Component (CC)intracellular membrane-bounded organelle0.00000001190.009679Least InformativeInherited
Cellular Component (CC)vesicle0.0054060.007436Moderately InformativeInherited
Cellular Component (CC)organelle membrane0.00067970.001564Moderately InformativeInherited
Cellular Component (CC)cell junction0.0000014980.00008666InformativeDirect
Cellular Component (CC)cytoplasmic vesicle membrane0.000024550.0004324Highly InformativeDirect

Document: GO annotation of SCOP domains

Gene Ontology (high-coverage)

(show details)
GO term FDR (all) SDFO level Annotation (direct or inherited)
Biological Process (BP) developmental process 0.0002572 Least Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) single-organism cellular process 0.00000602 Least Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) localization 0.0000007709 Least Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) response to stimulus 0.03011 Least Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) multicellular organismal process 0.007143 Least Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) regulation of metabolic process 0.5445 Least Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) regulation of cellular process 0.8216 Least Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) negative regulation of metabolic process 0.0004951 Moderately Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) regulation of phosphate metabolic process 0.000004638 Moderately Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) cell differentiation 0.00003618 Moderately Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) macromolecule localization 0.000000006535 Moderately Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) regulation of protein metabolic process 0.00002267 Moderately Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) cellular localization 0.00000001612 Moderately Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) organic substance transport 0.000003664 Moderately Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) regulation of localization 0.2446 Moderately Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) positive regulation of cellular process 1 Moderately Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) regulation of signal transduction 0.4263 Moderately Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) regulation of cellular component organization 0.1098 Moderately Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) regulation of developmental process 0.621 Moderately Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) regulation of multicellular organismal process 0.8973 Moderately Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) regulation of catalytic activity 0.0199 Moderately Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) signal transduction 0.5721 Moderately Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) negative regulation of cellular process 0.007787 Moderately Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) organ development 0.7136 Moderately Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) nervous system development 0.008851 Moderately Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) cellular response to stress 0.01353 Moderately Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) protein transport 0.000006866 Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) regulation of intracellular transport 0.00021 Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) regulation of protein localization 0.00009766 Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) intracellular signal transduction 0.0008977 Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) regulation of kinase activity 0.00002963 Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) generation of neurons 0.00002024 Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) negative regulation of protein metabolic process 0.000001113 Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) regulation of apoptotic signaling pathway 0.0001925 Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) positive regulation of cellular component organization 0.001813 Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) regulation of organelle organization 0.01167 Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) apoptotic process 0.001574 Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) regulation of protein phosphorylation 1 Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) regulation of nervous system development 0.107 Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) regulation of cell development 0.3869 Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) regulation of cell cycle process 0.3033 Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) central nervous system development 0.004815 Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) cellular component movement 0.1324 Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) locomotion 0.007906 Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) localization of cell 0.1651 Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) response to DNA damage stimulus 0.04863 Informative Inherited
Biological Process (BP) DNA damage checkpoint 0.00001029 Highly Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) positive regulation of organelle organization 0.000145 Highly Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) regulation of mitochondrion organization 0.00001384 Highly Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) telencephalon development 0.0001393 Highly Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) negative regulation of protein modification process 0.000001154 Highly Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) regulation of cell division 0.00001927 Highly Informative Direct
Biological Process (BP) intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway 0.0004894 Highly Informative Direct
Molecular Function (MF) binding 0.00000000000593 Least Informative Direct
Molecular Function (MF) enzyme regulator activity 0.001396 Moderately Informative Inherited
Molecular Function (MF) enzyme inhibitor activity 0.000595 Informative Direct
Molecular Function (MF) protein domain specific binding 0.00000000001192 Highly Informative Direct
Cellular Component (CC) cytoplasmic part 0.0006397 Least Informative Direct
Cellular Component (CC) intracellular organelle part 0.7547 Least Informative Inherited
Cellular Component (CC) membrane 0.09303 Least Informative Inherited
Cellular Component (CC) intracellular membrane-bounded organelle 0.009679 Least Informative Inherited
Cellular Component (CC) vesicle 0.007436 Moderately Informative Inherited
Cellular Component (CC) organelle membrane 0.001564 Moderately Informative Inherited
Cellular Component (CC) cell junction 0.00008666 Informative Direct
Cellular Component (CC) cytoplasmic vesicle membrane 0.0004324 Highly Informative Direct

Document: GO annotation of SCOP domains

Disease Ontology (DO)

(show details)
DO termFDR (all)SDDO levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Disease Ontology (DO)organ system cancer0Least InformativeDirect
Disease Ontology (DO)nervous system cancer0Moderately InformativeDirect
Disease Ontology (DO)disease of mental health0.003373Moderately InformativeInherited
Disease Ontology (DO)meningioma0InformativeDirect
Disease Ontology (DO)schizophrenia0.0000601InformativeDirect

Document: DO annotation of SCOP domains

Xenopus Anatomy (XA)

(show details)
XA termFDR (all)SDXA levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)embryo0Least InformativeDirect
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)genital system0Least InformativeDirect
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)central nervous system0Least InformativeDirect
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)head0Least InformativeDirect
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)viscus0Least InformativeDirect
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)portion of tissue0Least InformativeDirect
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)ectoderm0Moderately InformativeDirect
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)surface structure0Moderately InformativeDirect
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)embryonic structure0.004126Moderately InformativeInherited
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)skin0InformativeDirect
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)marginal zone0.000269Highly InformativeDirect

Document: XA annotation of SCOP domains

Arabidopsis Plant Ontology (AP)

(show details)
AP termFDR (all)SDAP levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Plant structure DEvelopment stage (PDE)seed development stage0.0000001059InformativeDirect

Document: AP annotation of SCOP domains

UniProtKB KeyWords (KW)

(show details)
KW termFDR (all)SDKW levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Cellular componentCytoplasm0.000000000006158Least InformativeDirect
Coding sequence diversityAlternative initiation0.000007286Moderately InformativeDirect
Post-translational modificationAcetylation0Least InformativeDirect
Post-translational modificationPhosphoprotein0.000001037Least InformativeDirect
Post-translational modificationNitration0.000000003446InformativeDirect

Document: KW annotation of SCOP domains

InterPro annotation
Cross references IPR000308 SSF48445 Protein matches
Abstract

The 14-3-3 proteins are a large family of approximately 30kDa acidic proteins which exist primarily as homo- and heterodimeric within all eukaryotic cells [PubMed1671102, PubMed11911880]. There is a high degree of sequence identity and conservation between all the 14-3-3 isotypes, particularly in the regions which form the dimer interface or line the central ligand binding channel of the dimeric molecule. Each 14-3-3 protein sequence can be roughly divided into three sections: a divergent amino terminus, the conserved core region and a divergent carboxyl terminus. The conserved middle core region of the 14-3-3s encodes an amphipathic groove that forms the main functional domain, a cradle for interacting with client proteins. The monomer consists of nine helices organised in an antiparallel manner, forming an L-shaped structure. The interior of the L-structure is composed of four helices: H3 and H5, which contain many charged and polar amino acids, and H7 and H9, which contain hydrophobic amino acids. These four helices form the concave amphipathic groove that interacts with target peptides.

14-3-3 proteins mainly bind proteins containing phosphothreonine or phosphoserine motifs however exceptions to this rule do exist. Extensive investigation of the 14-3-3 binding site of the mammalian serine/threonine kinase Raf-1 has produced a consensus sequence for 14-3-3-binding, RSxpSxP (in the single-letter amino-acid code, where x denotes any amino acid and p indicates that the next residue is phosphorylated). 14-3-3 proteins appear to effect intracellular signalling in one of three ways - by direct regulation of the catalytic activity of the bound protein, by regulating interactions between the bound protein and other molecules in the cell by sequestration or modification or by controlling the subcellular localisation of the bound ligand. Proteins appear to initially bind to a single dominant site and then subsequently to many, much weaker secondary interaction sites. The 14-3-3 dimer is capable of changing the conformation of its bound ligand whilst itself undergoing minimal structural alteration.


InterPro database


PDBeMotif information about ligands, sequence and structure motifs
Cross references PDB entries
Ligand binding statistics
Nucleic-acid binding statistics
Occurrence of secondary structure elements
Occurrence of small 3D structural motifs

PDBeMotif resource

Jump to [ Top of page · SCOP classification · InterPro annotation · PDBeMotif links · Functional annotation · Gene Ontology (high-quality) · Gene Ontology (high-coverage) · Disease Ontology (DO) · Xenopus Anatomy (XA) · Arabidopsis Plant Ontology (AP) · UniProtKB KeyWords (KW) ]

Internal database links

Browse genome assignments for this superfamily. The SUPERFAMILY hidden Markov model library has been used to carry out SCOP domain assignments to all genomes at the superfamily level.


Alignments of sequences to 4 models in this superfamily are available by clicking on the 'Alignments' icon above. PDB sequences less than 40% identical are shown by default, but any other sequence(s) may be aligned. Select PDB sequences, genome sequences, or paste in or upload your own sequences.


Browse and view proteins in genomes which have different domain combinations including a 14-3-3 protein domain.


Examine the distribution of domain superfamilies, or families, across the major taxonomic kingdoms or genomes within a kingdom. This gives an immediate impression of how superfamilies, or families, are restricted to certain kingdoms of life.


Explore domain occurrence network where nodes represent genomes and edges are domain architectures (shared between genomes) containing the superfamily of interest.

There are 4 hidden Markov models representing the 14-3-3 protein superfamily. Information on how the models are built, and plots showing hydrophobicity, match emmission probabilities and insertion/deletion probabilities can be inspected.


Jump to [ Top of page · SCOP classification · InterPro annotation · PDBeMotif links · Functional annotation · Gene Ontology (high-quality) · Gene Ontology (high-coverage) · Disease Ontology (DO) · Xenopus Anatomy (XA) · Arabidopsis Plant Ontology (AP) · UniProtKB KeyWords (KW) · Internal database links ]